William Lawrence Jr.

#5627, b. circa 1785, d. before May 1816

Relationships3rd cousin 6 times removed of Paul Edward Lawrence
17th great-grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
3rd great-grandson of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descendants of Robert Lawrence
FatherWilliam Lawrence b. c 1756, d. 1816
MotherElizabeth Lawrence

Major Life Events

     William Lawrence Jr. was born circa 1785.1 He married Priscilla ?.2 William died before May 1816.2

Children of William and Priscilla ?

Narrative

     On 21 May 1790, Obediah Lawrence of Bertie County sold William Lawrence for £40 a tract of 100 acres of land given by Philip Walston to his daughter Jean and her heirs, north of Bare Swamp Marsh, witnessed by Robert Lawrence and Andrew Smith. He apparently moved from North Carolina not long after this.3

     On 20 August 1790, William Lawrence of Bertie Co. sold to James Morris of same for 60£ 100 acres which was a deed of gift to Jane Walston as by a conveyance from John Lawrence to his son Obediah Lawrence, joining John Lawrence, Ben Bowen, Thomas W. Pugh, Reddick. Also signed by Ann Lawrence.4

     On 10 October 1792 William Lawrence of Bertie Co. sold to Henry Cobb of same for 50£ 100 acres (messuage) which was part of a 300 acre patent that had belonged to Arnal Hopkins and being the part excepted when the other part was sold to Moses Wood in 1756, on the south side of Bare Swamp Creek, witnessed by James Castellaw, John Sowell.5

     William made a will on 31 March 1816 in Bertie Co., North Carolina. William's will:

(1) son and executor Joseph Lawrence, the home plantation of 200 acres, 3 slaves, bed and its furnishings, 6 cattle, 5 sheep, mare, kitchen furniture, farming utensils, one-third of the beeves; (2) daughter Patsy 2 slaves, bed and furnishings, 6 cattle, young mare, 5 sheep, one-third of the beeves; (3) daughter Prudence, 2 slaves, 5 cattle, 5 sheep, 2 beds and furnishings, young mare, one-third of the beeves; (4) daughter-in-law Priscilla Lawrence, use of 200 acres of land where she lives, and one slave; (5) William Lawrence, deceased son who was Priscilla's husband; (6) Cornelius, Mary, and Elizabeth Lawrence all under age, to have reversional interest in the land left in the hands of their mother Priscilla Lawrence, also the cattle, mare and 5 sheep left in the hands of their late father; (7) executors son Joseph and friend Jonathan H. Jacocks. Witnessed: Dan Pierce, William P. Hardy Jun., Nimrod S. West.2

     His will was probated in May 1818 in Bertie Co., North Carolina. On 4 October 1816, certain Commissioners divided 434 acres east of Bear Swamp left in the will of William Lawrence, Sr., adjoining Bartholomew Castellow, Thomas Sutton, William Lawrence, Jr., Joseph Lawrence, and Henry Cobb.

Citations

  1. [S897] Sally's Family Place - Rayner, online http://www.sallyfamilyplace.com/Rayner, Robert Lawrence ca 1690-1744 & Elizabeth of Bertie County, North Carolina.
  2. [S655] David B. Gammon, Bertie Co., NC Wills 1797-1816, page 67.
  3. [S651] Dr. Stephen E. Bradley Jr., Bertie Co., NC Deeds 1785-1894, page 70.
  4. [S651] Dr. Stephen E. Bradley Jr., Bertie Co., NC Deeds 1785-1894, page 76.
  5. [S651] Dr. Stephen E. Bradley Jr., Bertie Co., NC Deeds 1785-1894, page 109.

Samuel Browne

#5628

Child of Samuel

Narrative

     Samuel was also known as [Dr.] Samuel Brown.1,2,3

Citations

  1. [S78] Hugh Buckner Johnston, Manuscript, The Lawrence Family of England, Virginia, and North Carolina Virginia State Archives.
  2. [S79] Kenan Lawrence, Manuscript, History of The Lawrence Family in England, Virginia, and North Carolina with Historical Sketches and Genealogical Outlines of The Lawrence Family in Connecticut, Maryland and South Carolina, 9 July 1964 Virginia State Archives.
  3. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, Volume I, page 183.

Elisha Lawrence

#5631, b. circa 1751

Relationships2nd cousin 7 times removed of Paul Edward Lawrence
16th great-grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
2nd great-grandson of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descendants of John Lawrence Jr.
FatherWilliam Lawrence b. c 1700, d. b 2 Jun 1757
MotherSarah Applewhaite d. b 2 Dec 1762

Major Life Events

     Elisha Lawrence was born circa 1751.1,2 He married Elizabeth Drake.3

Children of Elisha and Elizabeth Drake

Narrative

     Kenan Lawrence in his manuscript, History of the Lawrence Family, places Elisha Lawrence, as a son of William. The following was submitted and published in Historic Virginia Families, volume VIII pages 84-86.

     "The wills of Elisha's father and mother in Isle of Wight Co., do not mention Elisha (William's will does not mention all of his children as listed in Sarah's will W.B.s 6-269, 7-207). Thus, to date, we haven't verified, by court records, that Elisha was their son. This failure to mention Elisha in either will is difficult to understand; however, in William's will he specified that if his son, Mills, could not get along with his mother, he was to live elsewhere. Perhaps there was even greater friction between Elisha and his mother, and could account for his going to Northampton County, N.C. The failure of Sarah's parents, Henry and Ann Applewhaite, to mention Elisha in their wills is more understandable. (W.B.s 4-329, 5-97).

     Never-the-less, other evidence almost conclusively proves that Elisha was, indeed, the son of Sarah and William Lawrence. Judge Benjamin Winborne's The Vaughan Family (of Hertford County, N.C. and a descendant of Elizabeth Vaughan and Arthur Lawrence) states that John, Mills and Elisha Lawrence lived in Isle of Wight County prior to the Revolution. My late Uncle Wallace Lawrence left a letter stating that Mr. Winborne (presumably Stan Winborne, a close friend and descendent of Judge Winborne) told him that it had been established that Elisha came from Isle of Wight County. My late Uncle Lloyd Lawrence, an attorney from Murfreesboro, Hertford County, N.C., in a letter also states that he had seen Elisha Lawrence's (1775-1832) Bible and that it contained much genealogical data. (This Elisha is believed to have been a son of Elisha from Isle of Wight County, and he married Polly Vaughan in 1805 in Hertford Co., N.C.) Efforts to locate this Bible are continuing.

     In another letter Uncle Wallace states, "It is a matter of Court record that Elias, Samuel, Robert and Elisha Lawrence and others moved to Northampton County, N. C., from Isle of Wight County, Va." Unfortunately, he did not annotate the court record, and it is probably in some obscure record in one of these counties. That Elisha Lawrence was in Northampton County in 1789 and 1790 is authenticated by a deed made in 1789 and recorded in 1790 whereby he purchased land from Samuel Lawrence, and by the census of 1790 which shows him, a widower, to have been living in Northampton County in that year with one son and two daughters, all under 16. The known birth date of Elisha, Jr., in 1775, fits in with this record. Elisha, Sr., also sold land to Jessee Johnson, et al, in Northampton County in 1805, and another Lawrence record of a Lawrence of that County refers to the sale of land to Jessee Johnson, et al, in 1805 by Elisha Lawrence of Pulaski Co., Kentucky. Obviously, it was the same sale, but there the trail ends.

     It is believed that Elisha Lawrence (1775-1832), who was born in Hertford County, was Elisha, Sr.'s son. The court house in Hertford County was burned during the Civil War, but Elisha, Jr.'s record was saved because the clerk had taken the containing it to his home the night of the fire. Since Elisha, Sr.'s sale of land in Northampton County (from which Hertford Co., was, in part, formed) in 1805 coincided with the date of Elisha Jr.'s marriage to Polly Vaughan, it seems probable that he purchased land in Hertford County which Elisha, Jr. inherited, and where the records were destroyed by fire. Elisha Sr.'s will was not filed in Northampton County.

     The names of Elisha Jr.'s children is a matter of incredible possibility unless he was indeed, the son of Elisha, Sr., and Elisha, Sr. was the son of Sarah and William Lawrence; otherwise, the odds in the names being a mere coincidence would be of astronomical proportions.

     By his first marriage, two of his three children were William and Sarah, the same as Elisha Sr.'s parents. The third was Arthur, the same as the ancestor who married Elizabeth Vaughan, ancestor of Judge Winborne.

     By his second marriage, his only two sons were named John and Mills, the names of Elisha' Sr.'s other two brothers. Mills is an unusual given name, and it appears to have come into the Lawrence family from the Darden family. Mills Darden was the great grandfather of ______ Lawrence who married Jacob Darden in 1737.

     The only other (and unlikely) explanation could be that Elisha Sr., was one of the son of William's brothers, John, but he had no son named Elisha.

     It seems almost incontrovertible that the genealogy is correct - and no doubt, diligent search of various court records will, some day, provide court proof.

     (The several Elisha Lawrences in New Jersey have been completely traced, and there is no connection between them and the Virginia-North Carolina Elisha Lawrences.)

     Isle of Wight County records researched by Mrs. Katherine Edwards, Deputy Clerk, Isle of Wight County Circuit Court.

     Notes and data from files of Wallace E. Lawrence, Norfolk, Va., taken from search of various county records, family Bibles, Colonial Records of North Carolina and The Vaughan Family by Judge Benjamin Brodie Winborne.

     County and Bible records researched by Eva. J. Lawrence, Murfreesboro, Hertford County, North Carolina."

     The above has been quoted as written from volume VIII, pages 84-86, of Historic Virginia Familes.

     There also are two females shown in the 1790 census of North Carolina which are presumed to be daughters but of whom there is no futher information.

     Information provided by Jesse M. Lawrence indicates that Elisha was a Lieutenant and married Elizabeth Drake. He also names one daughter. Could Elizabeth be the mother of Elisha Jr. also?

U. S. Census Records

Census1790In the 1790 Census Elisha Lawrence was listed as a head of household in Northampton Co., North Carolina. He is enumerated with 1 white male 16 or older, 1 white male under 16, and 2 white females.4

Citations

  1. [S79] Kenan Lawrence, Manuscript, History of The Lawrence Family in England, Virginia, and North Carolina with Historical Sketches and Genealogical Outlines of The Lawrence Family in Connecticut, Maryland and South Carolina, 9 July 1964 Virginia State Archives.
  2. [S897] Sally's Family Place - Rayner, online http://www.sallyfamilyplace.com/Rayner, John Lawrence ca 1668-1739 Margaret Murphy ca 1696-1750 of Nansemond County, Virginia.
  3. [S293] Jesse M. Lawrence, GEDCOM file.
  4. [S923] 2 August 1790, 1790 U. S. Census, North Carolina, Washington, DC, National Archives and Records Administration, U. S. Population Schedule, page 75.

Mary Elizabeth Duke

#5632, d. 1817

ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descendants of John Lawrence Jr.
FatherJohn Duke
MotherSarah ?

Major Life Events

     Mary Elizabeth Duke married John J. Lawrence, son of John Lawrence [III] and Martha Ricks, on 20 November 1768 in the Rich Square Meeting House.1 Mary died in 1817 in Northampton Co., North Carolina.2

Children of Mary and John J. Lawrence

Narrative

     Jesse M. Lawrence gives Mary's middle name as Elizabeth.

     Boddie in Historical Southern Families gives Mary's death as 1817. Jesse M. Lawrence gives her death date as 7 December 1797.

Citations

  1. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, Volume I, page 185.
  2. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, Volume I, page 186.

John Lawrence [V]

#5633, b. 14 September 1771, d. 28 December 1816

Relationships3rd cousin 6 times removed of Paul Edward Lawrence
17th great-grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
3rd great-grandson of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descendants of John Lawrence Jr.
FatherJohn J. Lawrence d. 23 Oct 1796
MotherMary Elizabeth Duke d. 1817

Major Life Events

     John Lawrence [V] was born on 14 September 1771.1 He married Margaret Nixon, daughter of Zacharias Nixon and Mary White, on 22 January 1797 in Pasquotank Co., North Carolina.1 John died on 28 December 1816 at age 45.1

Children of John and Margaret Nixon

Narrative

     John was disowned by the Society of Friends in 1814 for selling two of his black people.2

Citations

  1. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, Volume I, page 186.
  2. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, volume I, page 186.

Ricks Lawrence

#5634, b. 26 December 1774, d. 3 June 1824

Relationships3rd cousin 6 times removed of Paul Edward Lawrence
17th great-grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
3rd great-grandson of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descendants of John Lawrence Jr.
FatherJohn J. Lawrence d. 23 Oct 1796
MotherMary Elizabeth Duke d. 1817

Major Life Events

     Ricks Lawrence was born on 26 December 1774 in Northampton Co., North Carolina.1,2 He married Sabrina Toole Boddie, daughter of Willie Willis Boddie and Jane Toole, on 3 November 1803.1 Ricks died on 3 June 1824 in Northampton Co., North Carolina, at age 49.1

Children of Ricks and Sabrina Toole Boddie

Citations

  1. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, Volume I, page 186.
  2. [S897] Sally's Family Place - Rayner, online http://www.sallyfamilyplace.com/Rayner, John Lawrence ca 1668-1739 Margaret Murphy ca 1696-1750 of Nansemond County, Virginia.

Exum Hollimon Lawrence

#5635, b. 5 November 1779, d. 21 January 1815

Relationships3rd cousin 6 times removed of Paul Edward Lawrence
17th great-grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
3rd great-grandson of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descendants of John Lawrence Jr.
FatherJohn J. Lawrence d. 23 Oct 1796
MotherMary Elizabeth Duke d. 1817

Major Life Events

     Exum Hollimon Lawrence was born on 5 November 1779.1 Exum died on 21 January 1815 at age 35.1

Narrative

     Jesse M. Lawrence gives Exum's middle name as Hollimon.

Citations

  1. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, Volume I, page 187.

David Lawrence

#5636, b. 10 June 1782, d. 16 December 1827

Relationships3rd cousin 6 times removed of Paul Edward Lawrence
17th great-grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
3rd great-grandson of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descendants of John Lawrence Jr.
FatherJohn J. Lawrence d. 23 Oct 1796
MotherMary Elizabeth Duke d. 1817

Major Life Events

     David Lawrence was born on 10 June 1782.1 He married Sophia Pretlow in June 1816.1 David died on 16 December 1827 in Nansemond Co., Virginia, at age 45.1

Family of David and Sophia Pretlow

Narrative

     On December 26, 1812, David transferred his membership from Rich Square to Western Branch.2

Citations

  1. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, Volume I, page 187.
  2. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, volume I, page 187.

Jonathan Lawrence

#5637, b. 10 June 1782, d. 20 December 1814

Relationships3rd cousin 6 times removed of Paul Edward Lawrence
17th great-grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
3rd great-grandson of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descendants of John Lawrence Jr.
FatherJohn J. Lawrence d. 23 Oct 1796
MotherMary Elizabeth Duke d. 1817

Major Life Events

     Jonathan Lawrence was born on 10 June 1782.1 He married Mary ?.2 Jonathan died on 20 December 1814 in Virginia at age 32.1

Family of Jonathan and Mary ?

Narrative

     Jonathan moved his membership from the Rich Square to the Western Branch Society of Friends on 28 May 1814.3

Citations

  1. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, Volume I, page 187.
  2. [S897] Sally's Family Place - Rayner, online http://www.sallyfamilyplace.com/Rayner, John Lawrence ca 1668-1739 Margaret Murphy ca 1696-1750 of Nansemond County, Virginia.
  3. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, volume I, page 187.

Thomas Duke Lawrence

#5638, b. 21 January 1789, d. 3 July 1863

Relationships3rd cousin 6 times removed of Paul Edward Lawrence
17th great-grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
3rd great-grandson of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descendants of John Lawrence Jr.
FatherJohn J. Lawrence d. 23 Oct 1796
MotherMary Elizabeth Duke d. 1817

Major Life Events

     Thomas Duke Lawrence was born on 21 January 1789.1 He married Mary Bailey Powell, daughter of Jesse Powell and Charity Harrell, on 16 October 1817 in Northampton Co., North Carolina.2 Thomas died on 3 July 1863 in Scotland Neck, Halifax Co., North Carolina, at age 74.2

Children of Thomas and Mary Bailey Powell

Narrative

     Thomas was disowned by the Society of Friends on April 16, 1814, "for attending muster." He purchased his first tract of land in Halifax Co., North Carolina, from John H. Anthony on February 16, 18333.

Citations

  1. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, Volume I, page 187.
  2. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, Volume I, page 188.
  3. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, volume I, page 188.

Josephus Duke William Lawrence

#5639, b. 1793, d. after 10 December 1834

Relationships3rd cousin 6 times removed of Paul Edward Lawrence
17th great-grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
3rd great-grandson of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descendants of John Lawrence Jr.
FatherJohn J. Lawrence d. 23 Oct 1796
MotherMary Elizabeth Duke d. 1817

Major Life Events

     Josephus Duke William Lawrence was born in 1793.1 He married Elizabeth R. Powell, daughter of Jesse Powell and Charity Harrell, on 6 January 1831.1 Josephus Duke William Lawrence died shortly after 10 December 1834.1

Child of Josephus and Elizabeth R. Powell

Narrative

     Josephus was disowned by the society of Friends in January 1818 "for lack of plainess and keeping a fiddle."2

     Josephus made a will on 10 December 1834 in Northampton Co., North Carolina.1

Citations

  1. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, Volume I, page 187.
  2. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, volume I, page 187.

Nancy Ann Lawrence

#5640, b. 2 April 1777, d. before 21 May 1827

Relationships3rd cousin 6 times removed of Paul Edward Lawrence
17th great-granddaughter of Roger FitzReinfrid
3rd great-granddaughter of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descendants of John Lawrence Jr.
FatherJohn J. Lawrence d. 23 Oct 1796
MotherMary Elizabeth Duke d. 1817

Major Life Events

     Nancy Ann Lawrence was born on 2 April 1777.1 She married Exum Scott, son of William Scott and Elizabeth ?, on 25 June 1794 in the Rich Square Meeting House, Rich Square, Northampton Co., North Carolina.1 Nancy died before 21 May 1827 in Virginia.1

Family of Nancy and Exum Scott

Narrative

     Nancy was also known as Ann.

     Reported at the Virginia Yearly Meeting, Society of Friends, May 21, 1827, "Ann Scott, deceased, of Nansemond Co., bequeathed to Yearly Meeting the sum of $1,000. The residuary legatees of this will were: Samuel Jones; Thomas, Mary, and David Lawrence; William I., Joseph M., Catherine and Margaret I. Lewis."2

Citations

  1. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, Volume I, page 186.
  2. [S285] John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families, volume I, page 186.

John Duke

#5642

Major Life Events

     John Duke married Sarah ?.1

Child of John and Sarah ?

Citations

  1. [S165] Margaret M. Hofmann, Northampton County, North Carolina 1759 - 1808 Genealogical Abstracts of Wills, p. 70, will of John Duke.

Thomas Lawrence

#5644, b. circa 1539, d. 28 October 1593

Arms of Sir Thomas Lawrence of Chelsea
Relationships10th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
10th great-grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
Grandfather of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descent from Roger FitzReinfrid to Robert Lawrence
FatherThomas Lawrence b. s 1500

Major Life Events

     Thomas Lawrence was born circa 1539.1 He married Martha Cage of All Saints in Honey Land, London, daughter of Anthony Cage and Elizabeth Dale, on 22 July 1572 in All Hallows Honey Lane.2,3 Thomas died on 28 October 1593.4,1 He was interred on 7 November 1593 in Chelsea, Middlesex, England.4

Children of Thomas and Martha Cage

Narrative

     Thomas was also known as [Sir] Thomas Lawrence.

     Alfred Beaver wrote in 1892, that the oldest portions of Chelsea Old Church are the Chancel and the north chantry or chapel. The main fabric of the latter dates from the early part of the fourteenth century and is known as the Lawrence Chapel, from a family in whose possession is was for about a century and half (beginning with Sir Thomas Lawence.) It is generally supposed to have been the manor-chapel, built by one of the early lords of the manor, to have passed with the manor into the hands of Henry VIII, and to have been granted by him, with the old manor-house, to the Lawrences. No chapel, however, is mentioned in Lord Sandys' grant of the manor to Henry VIII in 1536, nor in a Particular of the Manor drawn up in 1544, nor in any of the manorial grants and assignments; and Alfred Beaver indicates the he can find no reason for supposing the Lawrence house to be identical with or on the site of the old manor-house other than the fact that it was near the Lordship Yard (originally the site of the manor-barns and stables) and a vacant piece of land (now occupied by Carlyle Mansions) called the Lord's Waste, and that these names were supposed to indicate the near neighborhood of the old manor-house. Alfred concludes that the chapel does not appear to have belonged to the manor or to have been used for burial in the time of the Brays (early owners of the manor). Had the chapel belonged to the manor, it is most probably that the Brays would have been buried there. No monuments, however, earlier than that of Thomas Lawrence, 1593, is to be found there. Alfred concludes the the chapel first became the private property when Thomas Lawrence purchased some property in Chelsea, and builid a house near the church in the late sixteenth century.5

     In Two Villages, Borer writes that during the later part of the sixteenth century the old manor-house was acquired by Sir Thomas Lawrence, goldsmith and merchant adventurer of the City of London. He too build a chapel in the parish church and his memorial there is dated 1593, but his family was to live on in the Chelsea until the end of the seventeenth century.6

     The Lawrence Monuments are placed in the chapel which bears their name. On the north wall is that of Thoams Lawrence (d. 1793), the earliest of this family to be found her. On the right are the effigies of his three sons, facing those of his wife and six daughters, all kneeling. On the cushion on which his wife kneels are the figures of two infants.7 This would indicate that there were possible three sons and six daughters plus perhaps two infants who died in infancy in the family. The names of only two sons and four daughters are known.

     Sir John Lawrence (d. 1638)--the second son represented in the previous monument--has an ornamental black tablet on the east wall. One of the daughters of Thomas Lawrence, Sarah, who married Richard Colvile, of Newton, in the Isle of Ely, has a monument on the same wall. On the floor is an inscription to Henry, Sir John Lawrences youngest son.

     Thomas was living in St. Michael Bassishaw Parish when he married Martha. He was a goldsmith in Chelsey in Middlesex and citizen of London. The London Goldsmiths 1200-1800 lists Thomas Lawrence, goldsmith, Parish of St. Mary Woolnoth, 1582-1624. This likely refers to both father and son.8 Thomas made a considerable fortune in his business as goldsmith, which in those days generally included banking, and in that of merchant adventurer.9

     Adjacent to Chelsea Old Church is one of the oldest thoroughfares in the parish, call Laurence or Lawrence Street, in memory of a family long connected with Chelsea. Lordship Place, leading from Lawrence Street into Cheyne Row (celebrated as the residence of Thomas Carlyle "the sage of Chelsea" was formally called Lordship Yard and marks the site of the manor barns and stables.10

     The Lawrence or Monmouth House stood to the north of Lordship Yard. The Lawrence Chapel, which belonged to this property was sometimes called the Manor Chapel.
11

     In 1583 Thomas Lawrence bought the old manor-house of Chelsea and the lord's chapel in Chelsea parish church attached to it, since known as the Lawrence Chapel, where on his death he was buried and where his son Sir John and his daughter are also commerated by monuments.12 The house, known as the Lawrence (or Monmouth) house was demolished in 1835.13 In 1714, Lady Lawrence let her Chelsea house to Ann, Duchess of Monmouth.14

     In 1590, he purchased Delaford Manor, Iver in Stoke Hundred, Buckinghamshire15 Deleford Manor is a typical example of the stately yet homelike Elizabethan mansion of red brick with its ample stone-mullioned windows and bays, it ranges of gables and grouped chimney stacks soaring above red tile roofs. The plan of Sir William Young's estate in Iver made in 1770 when the house was still standing shows that it was built around four sides of a courtyard with a larger courtyard surrounded by out-buildings in front of it. The interior must have contained many pleasant panelled rooms, including perhaps a long gallery, and carved chimneypieces and staircases. The gardens were douptless of the formal type usual at the period. A portion of such a lay-out subisted in 1770 to the west of the house, though it no longer, as it must have done formerly, extended to the eastern side where the oblong fishpond or "stews" still lies.16

     A History of the Manor and Parish of Iver states "In 1589, shortly before his death Sir Richard Blount, with his wife Mary and his son Richard, sold the Manor of Delaford and Edred's to Thomas Lawrence, citizen and goldsmith of London … till the time of the Commonwealth the Lawrence family was one of the most influential in the parish. There had been Lawrences in Iver at least as early as the first half of the fourteenth century, but there is no evidence of their kinship to this Thomas Lawrence who came of a yeoman's family of Chelmarsh in Glouchesterhire, though his descendants attempted to trace descent to a more distinguished Lancashire family of Lawrences … . He was succeeded at Chelsea and Delaford by his son John. There is neither trace or record of the manor house of Delaford such as it was in the days of the Fords and Blounts. Thomas Lawrence must have begun at once to rebuild it for in his will made on 20 August 1593 he sets aside a sume of 400£ for his executors to employ "in the best order in and abowte the finishing the buildings which are at hand at Iver." The new manor-house may have been structually almost complete by that date. That the family did not make it their principal residence at once appears from a letter written in 1621 by Sir John Lawrence to Sir Edward Cicil in reference to the latter's right to a pew in the Lawrence Chapel at Chelsea. "When I dwelt here," he says, "before I went to my house at Iver there stood a seat in which my parents in their life time sate, and I their heyre so long as I continued heere." Since Sir John was born in 1588 the move cannot have taken place much before the end of Elizabeth's reign. "Finishing" seems to have hung fire even then, for at his death in 1638 Sir John left 100 marks for this purpose."17

     In 1593 the College of Heralds granted Thomas the following coat of arms: Argent, a cross raguly gules, motto: "In Cruce Salus." In other words, a red cross of the "raguly" type is on a silver shield.8 The motto loosely translated is "In the Cross there is Salvation." Full description of the Arms: Argent, a cross ragulée gules, on a chief azure three leopard's heads or; an escucheon of Ulster. Crest: A demi-turbot, tail upwards, gules.

     The Lawrence Chapel at Chelsea is to the north of the chancel, and the monument of Thomas Laurence is affixed upon its north wall. It exhibits within two arched recesses kneeling effigies of the citizen and his wife, with three sons behind him, and behind her six daughters, besides two babes in swaddling-clothes laid on a cushion before their mother. Above the cornice are three shields of arms; the personal coat of the deceased in the centre, between those of the Merchant Adventurers and the Goldsmiths. This first is Argent, a cross raguly gules, on a chief azure three leopard's heads or. On another shield, placed behind the middle pillar on the monument, is the same coat impaling, 1 and 4. Per pale [az.] and [gu.] (tinctues gone), over all a saltire or, for Cage; 2 and 3 A swan flying for Dale. The inscription is as follows:

     The yeares wherin I livd ware fifty-fowre,
     October twenty-eyght did end my live,
     Children five of eleven God left in store,
     Sole confort of theyr mother & my wife.
     The world cn say what I have bin before,
     What I am now examples still are rife,
     Thus Thomas Larrance spekes to tymes ensving,
     Than Death is sure & Tyme is past renuing.18

     Abstract of will of Thomas Lawrence:

Thomas Laurence, citizen and goldsmith of London -- his wife Martha. To the poor of Chesey parish. To his executors 400£ to be employed by them in "the finishing of the buildings which are in hand at Iver, in the county of Bucks." To my sister-in-law Katherine Cage, wife of Mr. John Cage. To my sister Lowton's children. To my sister Heades children. Cousin Joice Jackson. Executors his wife and son Thomas. Overseers, brother-in-law Mr. John Cage of London, salter, and John Taylor of London, mercer. Real property in Bucks, Chelsea, and London. To his wife his house at Chelsey, with all the grounds, archardes, gardens, &c; over to his son Thomas in tail; over to his son John in tail. Daughters Blanch, Martha, and Sara. Proved at Hadleighe, co. Middx Nov. 1593.19

Citations

  1. [S274] G. E. C., Complete Baronetage, Volume II 1625-1649, page 60.
  2. [S408] The Harleian Society, London Marriages 1520-1610, page 53.
  3. [S2675] British Origins Web Site, online http://www.originsnetwork.com/BritishOrigins, Boyd's Inhabitants of London, Thomas Lawrence.
  4. [S630] Richard Mundy, Middlesex Pedigrees, page 61.
  5. [S1019] Alfred Beaver, Memorials of Old Chelsea, pages 59-60.
  6. [S1042] Mary Cathcart Borer, Two Villages, page 16.
  7. [S1019] Alfred Beaver, Memorials of Old Chelsea, pages 76,77.
  8. [S78] Hugh Buckner Johnston, Manuscript, The Lawrence Family of England, Virginia, and North Carolina Virginia State Archives.
  9. [S1020] W. H. Ward and K. S. Block, History of Manor and Parish of Iver, page 109,110.
  10. [S1019] Alfred Beaver, Memorials of Old Chelsea, page 85.
  11. [S1019] Alfred Beaver, Memorials of Old Chelsea, page 86.
  12. [S1020] W. H. Ward and K. S. Block, History of Manor and Parish of Iver, page 110.
  13. [S1019] Alfred Beaver, Memorials of Old Chelsea, page 92.
  14. [S1019] Alfred Beaver, Memorials of Old Chelsea, page 89.
  15. [S174] Schuyler Lawrence, Lawrence of Chelsea.
  16. [S1020] W. H. Ward and K. S. Block, History of Manor and Parish of Iver, page 111.
  17. [S897] Sally's Family Place - Rayner, online http://www.sallyfamilyplace.com/Rayner, Thomas Lawrence 1539-1593.
  18. [S291] John Gough Nichols F.S.A., The Herald and Genalogist, volume IV, pages 537-538.
  19. [S291] John Gough Nichols F.S.A., The Herald and Genalogist, volume IV page 537.

Martha Cage

#5645, b. 10 October 1553

Relationships10th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence
Grandmother of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descent from Roger FitzReinfrid to Robert Lawrence
FatherAnthony Cage d. 8 Jun 1583
MotherElizabeth Dale d. 25 Feb 1559

Major Life Events

     Martha Cage was born on 10 October 1553.1 She married first Thomas Lawrence, son of Thomas Lawrence, on 22 July 1572 in All Hallows Honey Lane.2,1 She married second John Bromley after 1593.3

Children of Martha and Thomas Lawrence

Family of Martha and John Bromley

Citations

  1. [S2675] British Origins Web Site, online http://www.originsnetwork.com/BritishOrigins, Boyd's Inhabitants of London, Thomas Lawrence.
  2. [S408] The Harleian Society, London Marriages 1520-1610, page 53.
  3. [S630] Richard Mundy, Middlesex Pedigrees, page 61.

Thomas Lawrence

#5646, b. 5 September 1573, d. 1793

Relationships9th great-granduncle of Paul Edward Lawrence
11th great-grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
Uncle of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
FatherThomas Lawrence b. c 1539, d. 28 Oct 1593
MotherMartha Cage b. 10 Oct 1553

Major Life Events

     Thomas Lawrence was baptized on 5 September 1573.1,2,3 Sir Thomas, Knight of Chelsea, died without issue, probably before his father in 1793.4

Narrative

     Thomas was also known as [Sir] Thomas Lawrence.

Citations

  1. [S630] Richard Mundy, Middlesex Pedigrees, page 61.
  2. [S897] Sally's Family Place - Rayner, online http://www.sallyfamilyplace.com/Rayner, Thomas Lawrence 1539-1593.
  3. [S2675] British Origins Web Site, online http://www.originsnetwork.com/BritishOrigins, Boyd's Inhabitants of London, Thomas Lawrence.
  4. [S1019] Alfred Beaver, Memorials of Old Chelsea, page 89.

John Lawrence

#5647, b. 1 December 1588, d. 12 November 1638

Arms for Sir John Lawrence
Relationships9th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
11th great-grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
Father of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descent from Roger FitzReinfrid to Robert Lawrence
FatherThomas Lawrence b. c 1539, d. 28 Oct 1593
MotherMartha Cage b. 10 Oct 1553

Major Life Events

     John Lawrence was baptized on 1 December 1588 in England.1,2 He married Grissell Gibbons, daughter of Gervas Gibbon and Grisilde Roberts, in 1609 in England.1,2 John died on 12 November 1638 in England at age 49.1 He was interred on 14 November 1638 in Chelsea Church in Chelsea, Middlesex, England.1

Children of John and Grissell Gibbons

Narrative

     John was also known as [Sir] John Lawrence Baronet.

     John Lawrence, Esq., was from Delaford in Iver, Buckinghamshire and Chesea, Middlesex.3 Hugh Buckner Johnston in his Lawrence Family manuscript relates the following concering Sir John Lawrence:

     "Sir John Lawrence, Knight and Baronet, was a wealthy merchant of London. He purchased on share of stock in the Virginia Company in Virginia on June 23, 1620, a fact that may entitle his descendants to membership in the Order of the First Families of Virginia. In June 1632, Sir John Lawrence, "Adventurer", and others, recorded their plans to transport three hundred colonists for agriculture, mining, etc., to Long Isle, about one hundred fifty miles north of Jamestown. On August 24, 1635, he was party to a suit in the High Court of Admiralty in London, and his kinsman and factor, Richard Bennett, testified concerning goods sent to Virginia on the ship Revenge."4

     He entered Oxford (St. John's College) 27 May 1603 at age 14. He received a B. A. from Oriel College on 29 October 1604 and a M. A. from St. Edm Hall on 7 July 1615. John was knighted at Royston 26 January 1609/10 and was made a baronet on 9 October 1628.5

     On a large tablet of black marble, affixed to the east wall:

     Sacred to the memory
     of Sr. John Lavrence late of Iver in ye covnty
     of Bvcks Knight and Baronet who married Grissill
     davghter & co-heire of Gervase Gibbon of Benenden
     in the county of Kent Esq. by whom he had issve
     seven sons and fovre daughters Hee deceased the
     xiith of Novembr. 1638. aged 50 years

     What bad men dy & tvrn to their last sleepe
     What stir the poets and engravers keepe
     By a fained skill, to pile them vp a name
     With termes of Good & Just ovt lasting fame.
     Alas poor men, svch most have neede of stone
     And Epitaphs, the Good ( indeed ) lack none
     Theire owne trve worth's enovgh to give a glory
     Vnto th' uncankerd record of theire story.
     Such wass the Man lyes heere yet doth pertake
     Of verse and stone bvt tis for fashion sake.

     Arms: Argent, a cross raguly gules, on a chief azure three leopard's heads or; on a scutcheion of pretence the arms of Ulster; impaling Sable, a lion ramp. between three escallops or. (Gibbon)6

     "In 1637, Margaret, Countess of Nottingham; Elizabeth, Countess of Devonshire; Edward, Lord Gorges; sir John Danvers and Sir John Lawrence, with others protested against the amount levied on Chelsea (it being at a rate four times greater than that of other taxes), but took care to state their complaint was only against the amount, and not against the tax itself. The Sheriffs replied that the unusual rate was "in respect of persons of honour and quality who had summer houses there, but land and property elsewhere." In the following year (1638), Sir John Lawrence, Nicholas harman, and Sir John Abeale drew up another partition, stating that, by appointment of the High Constable, they had lately made a 'ratement' for ship-money, according to every man's estate. They had rated themselves and som few others at a higher proportion, in order to spare the minister and some of the weak estate. The Sheriffs, however, who were strangers to the place, at the instigation of some 'factious spirits,' had struck out the names of these abatements upon the petitioners, the Countess of Devon and Sir John Fearne. They prayed that the first rate might be confirmed, but with what sucess is not recorded."7

     John made a will on 19 October 1638. His will reads as follows:

I, Sir John Lawrence of Delefords and Iver, Bucks Kt. and Bt., desire to be buried in my Chapel at Chelsea. All my interest in the Parsonage of Dorking, Surrey, which I, with my brother-in-law Richard Colville, purchased of Richard Hollman, to my sister Martha Jackson, widow, and she be dead at my decease same to her daughter Martha. 300 pounds to my oldest daughter, Ann Lawrence; 200 pounds to my second daughter Frances Lawrence; bequests to servants; all my interest in 7010 pounds which long since I recovered my judgement of Anne Babington, executrix of Vry Babington, dec., in H. M. Court of Exchequer due me from the estate of Robert Bromley, dec. Of what can be recovered 1/2 to my eldest son John Lawrence and the other moiety to my younger children. 100 marks towards the finishing of my house at Iver. Rest of personal estate to my younger children, Anne, Robert, Frances, Grissell, and Henry, those age 21 to be paid soon as possible and the others to be paid at 21 or marriage. All portions of my younger children to amount to 900 pounds apiece and all my houses and land at Chelsea to provide this. * * * The settling of wife's estate has cost me more at this date than double the value of her inheritance, were it to be sold. The legacies of 5000 pounds which I have given her younger children is more than double the value of her estate after her decease. Wife Dame Grissell to sole extrx. provide she shall settle within 12 months after my death all her estate in lands and tenements on her eldest son John Lawrence and heirs male and in default of same to son Robert Lawrence, etc. Witnesses Pugh Flood, clarke; Samuel Forest, John Hynde, Martha Jackson, Rice Thomas.8

The reference "all my interest in 7010 pounds which long since I recovered my judgement of Anne Babington, executrix of Vry Babington, dec., in H. M. Court of Exchequer due me from the estate of Robert Bromley, dec." refers to the heirs of the estate of John Bromley whom Sir John Lawrence's mother, Martha Cage, married after the death of Sir John's father, Sir Thomas Lawrence.

     His will was probated on 21 January 1638/39.

Citations

  1. [S274] G. E. C., Complete Baronetage, Volume II 1625-1649, page 60.
  2. [S2675] British Origins Web Site, online http://www.originsnetwork.com/BritishOrigins, Boyd's Inhabitants of London, Thomas Lawrence.
  3. [S309] John Burke Esq. and John Bernard Burke Esq., Extinct & Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland, & Scotland, page 300.
  4. [S78] Hugh Buckner Johnston, Manuscript, The Lawrence Family of England, Virginia, and North Carolina Virginia State Archives.
  5. [S274] G. E. C., Complete Baronetage, Volume II 1625-1649, page 60.
  6. [S291] John Gough Nichols F.S.A., The Herald and Genalogist, volume IV, page 539.
  7. [S1019] Alfred Beaver, Memorials of Old Chelsea, page 41.
  8. [S80] John Bennett Boddie III, Seventeenth Century Isle of Wight County Virginia, Vol. 2, page 490.
  9. [S1109] Sally Koestler, "Lawrence family info," e-mail to Paul E. Lawrence, 4 November 2002.

Elizabeth Lawrence

#5648, b. 14 December 1589

Relationships9th great-grandaunt of Paul Edward Lawrence
11th great-granddaughter of Roger FitzReinfrid
Aunt of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
FatherThomas Lawrence b. c 1539, d. 28 Oct 1593
MotherMartha Cage b. 10 Oct 1553

Major Life Events

     Elizabeth Lawrence was baptized on 14 December 1589.1

Citations

  1. [S2675] British Origins Web Site, online http://www.originsnetwork.com/BritishOrigins, Boyd's Inhabitants of London, Thomas Lawrence.

Martha Lawrence

#5649, b. 1 March 1583

Relationships9th great-grandaunt of Paul Edward Lawrence
11th great-granddaughter of Roger FitzReinfrid
Aunt of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
FatherThomas Lawrence b. c 1539, d. 28 Oct 1593
MotherMartha Cage b. 10 Oct 1553

Major Life Events

     Martha Lawrence was baptized on 1 March 1583.1 She married William Jackson [Esq.] in 1601.2,3,1

Family of Martha and William Jackson [Esq.]

Citations

  1. [S2675] British Origins Web Site, online http://www.originsnetwork.com/BritishOrigins, Boyd's Inhabitants of London, Thomas Lawrence.
  2. [S78] Hugh Buckner Johnston, Manuscript, The Lawrence Family of England, Virginia, and North Carolina Virginia State Archives.
  3. [S630] Richard Mundy, Middlesex Pedigrees, page 61.

Henry Lawrence1

#5650, b. 5 January 1577

Relationships9th great-granduncle of Paul Edward Lawrence
11th great-grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
Uncle of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
FatherThomas Lawrence1 b. c 1539, d. 28 Oct 1593
MotherMartha Cage1 b. 10 Oct 1553

Major Life Events

     Henry Lawrence was baptized on 5 January 1577.1

Citations

  1. [S2675] British Origins Web Site, online http://www.originsnetwork.com/BritishOrigins, Boyd's Inhabitants of London, Thomas Lawrence.