Hugh de Morville1

#64308

Major Life Events

     Hugh de Morville married Hawise de Lancaster.2

Family of Hugh and Hawise de Stuteville

Narrative

     This may be the Hugh de Morville who killed Thomas Becket.3

Citations

  1. Lord of Ishall and Burgh-on-Sands.
  2. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (5) William de Lancaster II.
  3. [S2411] The "de Lancasters" of Westmoreland, online http://users.skynet.be/lancaster/…

Gilbert FitzReinfrid1,2

#64309, b. circa 1162, d. before 5 May 1220

Lancaster Arms
Relationships21st great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
Son of Roger FitzReinfrid
11th great-grandfather of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descent from Roger FitzReinfrid to Robert Lawrence
FatherRoger FitzReinfrid b. c 1114, d. a 1198
MotherAlice de Breton

Major Life Events

     Gilbert FitzReinfrid was born circa 1162.3 He married Hawise de Lancaster, daughter of William II de Lancaster and Hawise de Stuteville, on 20 July 1189 in Rouen.2,3 Gilbert died before 5 May 1220.3

Children of Gilbert

Narrative

     Gilbert was also known as Gilbert de Lancaster.

     Gilbert was Steward of the King's household in the last year of Henry II and the first year of Richard I. Henry II gave him Hawise (Helewise), the only daughter and heir of William de Lancaster, in marriage and thereby made him Baron of Kendal, Warton and Nether Wyresdale. After the marriage Gilbert assumed the de Lancaster name.2

     1184–95 Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Reinfrid confirms to Thomas son of Gospatrick his lands of Kendale, namely Holm, Preston and Hoton, to hold by the service of the 4th part of a knight's fee for which he and his heirs shall be quit of 43s. for cornage. Witnesses: Roger Fitz-Reinfrid, Hugh de Morvill, Reinfrid de Bhueria, Gilbert de Lancastre, Gervase de Aencurt, Robert de Bethum, Uctred son of Osolph, Roger de Bello Campo, Geoffrey de Preston and others.4

     1184-89, Notification by Henry II, addressed to our dear son Richard, comte de Poitiers, of his grant to Gilbert son of Roger FitzReinfrid, our sewer, of the daughter of William de Lancaster with her whole inheritance. Witnesses were Geoffrey our son and chancellor, William Marshal, Richard de Humet.5

     Richard I confirmed this marriage and, on 15 April 1190, by three charters granted practically the whole of southern Westmorland to Gilbert, together with acquittance of the noutgeld, suits of shires, etc. due to northern Westmorland. By these grants on the same date Gilbert fitz Roger fitz Reinfrid was endowed with full baronial status throughout Kentdale and the outlying members, inclulding the manor of Morland and a considerable part of Barton. His service to the crown for the same being definitely fixed at the service of two knights.2

     1189 Richard I granted him the forests of Westmorland, Kendal, and Furness, to hold to him and his heirs, "as fully and freely as Wm. De Lancastre and Nigel de Albiny had held the same." He had another grant from Richard of lands in "Levenes, Farleton, Detene, Preston, Holme, Berton, Hencastre, and Loopeton, with the fishery belonging to the said lands, and all other liberties and privileges." In a confirmation of charters made by Ivo de Taillbois, Gilbert called Ivo his "ancestor." This may only have been a reference to prior lords of this barony.2

     1189, Richard I grants to Gilbert son of Richard Fitz-Reinfrid Inter alia one carucate in Hennecastre; Farrer, Lancas. Pipe R., 400.6

     1189, Richard I grants to Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Reinfrid inter alia three carucates of land in Loppeton; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R., 400.7

     1190, Richard I grants to Gilbert son of Roger FitzReinfrid, acquittance in his land in Westmeriland and Kendale of nutegeld, namely £14 6s. 3d. for the service of 1 knight. For this Gilbert gave to the king 60 m. Richard I granted to the same Roger that he should hold his forest of Westmerieland, Kendale and Furness as William de Lancaster, son of Gilbert, held it, and the forest in Kendale which the grantor gave Gilbert with £6 of land, to hold as fully as Nigel le Albini held it. Richard I grants to the same Gilbert 1 carucate in Levenes with the fishery of the vill., 4 c. in Farleton and Bethum, 4 c. in Preston and Holme, 2 c. in Burton, 1 c. in Hennecastre, 1 c. in Lupton and a fishery belonging to the said lands, for £100 which Gilbert gave; to hold by the service of 1 knight's fee.5

     At Easter in 1190, Gilbert FitzReinfrid obtains aquittance of noutgeld and customs on his land which is accounted in the farm of Westmorland at £14 6s. 4d. yearly; also a grant from Richard I of lands in Kendale, valued in the farm of Westmorland at £8 18s. 2d. yearly; also the grant of a fishery of Kendale, valued in the said farm at £5 yearly.5

     1190-1200, Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Reinfred confirms to Gervase de Aincurt the land which William de Lancastre, father of Helewise, the grantor's wife, gave to him, namely Nataland, Bothelford, Sisrahelheres, Winderes and the other Winderes, the moiety of Sockebret which Waldef held, and the third part of Louther; also Hagethorpe which the said William pledged to Gervase for 50s. worth of land; to hold for ¾ knight's fee; with licence to make a mill on the water course by the gallows of Kirkeby between Kirkeby and Natalaund, Witnesses: Henry [de Redeman] the seneschal, Robert de Soukey (Sinking" in MS.), James de Flaund', Gilbert de Lancastre, Adam dean of Lonsdale, Thomas son of Gospatric, Robert de Bethom, Roger de Burton, Gamel the regarder (i.e. forester); Reg. of D. at Levens, ii, f. 62. By another charter the said Gilbert granted to the same Gervase acquittance of noutgeld of his daid lands of Westmerland and Kendale, which he holdes for ¾ kinight's fee. For this Gervase gave Gilbert 20. Witness: Roger Fits Reinfrid; ib., f. 81.CIT:]2382;'Helsington and Sizergh', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 1 (1923) pp. 130-66[:CIT]

     1189, Richard I grants to Gilbert son of Roger FitzReinfrid for 20 marks a weekly market on Saturday at Kyrkebi in Kendale, date 9th December, 1 Richard.5

     Before 1199 Gilbert FitzReidfrid confirmed to Roger, son of Augustine de Heaton, a grant of land in Torver which had been made by William II de Lancaster to Augustine de Heaton.8

     1190-1210, Gilbert FitzReinfrid and Helewise his wife grant to St. Mary's, York, 6 stags yearly for the infirmary. Witnesses were Gregory canon of York, Adam de Bethum and others. Gilbert and his wife also confirmed to the church of the Holy Trinity of Kirkeby in Kendale the land which William de Lancaster, the younger, had gave and also confirmed to the monks of St. Mary's, York, inter alia the church of Kirkeby in Kendale; Nicholas (parson) of Kirkeby in Kendale being one of the witnesses.5

     1186-1200, Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Reinfrid grants to Henry de Alneto all Coneswic by these bounds: as the way descends Scarthulfe to Little Ranthworth and ascending to the bounds of Stirkeland and by those bounds to the rock and to Scarthulfe; also the donor gives to Henry the moiety of Tranthawit by these bounds; as the watercourse of Rowthworth flows into the watercourse of Tranthwait and by the descent of Rowthworth ascending to the watercourse of Landhost and by the same to the midst of Landhost and thence across to the watercourse of Tranthwaite and descending to the first named watercourse; to hold for 1 lb. of cummin with acquittance of multure at the grantor's mill of Kirkeby in Kendale. Witnesses: Richard de marisco, Henry de Redeman, the donor's sensechal, Gervase de Anecurt, Anselm de Stainton, Richard de Stainton, Lambert de Brussel, Roger de Lancastre, Gilbert de Lancastre, Ralph de Anecurt, Thomas the tailor; Reg. of D. at Levens, II, f. 247. See Appendix xxviii.9

     The acquittance of the noutegeld of the land of Gilbert FitzReinfrid ceased, so far as the account of the sheriff was concerned, at Easter, 1194, and the grant of £8 18s. 2d. of land in Kendale, and the fishery £5, also ceased at the same date.5

     An agreement was made in 1196 by which Ulverston and the western moiety of the Fells were confirmed by the monks to Gilbert FitzReinfrid and his wife Helewise, the heiress of William de Lancaster, at rents of 10s. and 20s. respectively. Gilbert and Helewise renounced all claim to Newby in Yorkshire and to hunting rights in the eastern moiety of the Fells; they also promised the monks a free passage through Ulverston and Crakeslith to the Crake fishery and the land beyond.10

     In 1196 Witherslack was probably a member of the demesne lands of the barony of Kendale for by a fine levied that year in the king's court between Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Reinfrid and "Aylewise" his wife, plaintiffs, and Henry de Redeman, tenants, respecting "Witeberge," that is Whitbarrow with the Appurtenances, the said Henry quit-claimed to them the right which he had in Witeberge, for which they gave him Selesa by the right bounds by which Cospatric de Selesat held it with other privileges and granted to Henry and his men of Levenes common of pasture of the moss between Witeberge and Levenes, to be held by Henry and his heirs by free service of 5s. yearly.11

     1196, Gilbert, son of Roger Fitz-Reinfrid and Helewise his wife grant by fine to Henry de Redeman all Selesat by the bounds by which Cospatrick de Selesat held it; Feet of F. (Pipe R. Soc. xvii) 141.12

     1196, Witherslack was probably a member of the demense lands of the barony of Kendale for by a fine that year in the king's court between Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Reinfrid and "Aylewise" his wife, plaintiffs, and Henry de Redeman, tenants, respecting "Witeberge," this is Whitbarrow with the appurtenances, the said Henry quit-claimed to them the right which he had held in Witeberge, for which they gave him Selesat by the right bounds by which Cospatric de Selesat held it with other privileges and granted to Henry and his men of Levenes common of pasture of the moss between Witeberge and Levenes, to be held by Henry and his heirs by the free service of 5s. yearly. Gilbert Fitz-Reinfrid probably enfeoffed his natural son, Roger de Lancaster, of Witherslack shortly before 1220. It descended to John, son of Roger de Lancaster and was held by Annora, relict of John, at the time of her death in 1338. It had been granted in 1328 to John de Cancefield, as trustee, for settlement upon Roger de Lancaster, brother of John, for life, with remainder to Michael son of Robert de Haverington.13

     1197, Gilbert FitzReinfrid proffers £100 for having £6 worth of land and for having acquittance of cornage and other liberties, according to the tenour of the king's charter.5

     1199 Gilbert FitzReinfrid proffers to King John £100 for the confirmation of his charters and for having gallows and pit in his fee which he holds by knight's service in co. Lancaster, and that the agreement made between him and king Richard holds good, namely for the acquittance of cornage and for holding in peace his land in Kendale, which he has by the gift of king Richard; and for this fine he is quit of £7 3s. 1d. for the Westmerieland for the 6th year of king Richard, and of £21 9s. 3d. for the 7th year, and of £14 6s. 3d. for the 8th year, and of £14 6s. 2d. for the 9th year and of £28 7s. 10d. for the past years and of £28 7s. 10d. for this year. Sum £114 0s. 5d. The same Gilbert has acquittance of scutage of 2 knight's fees.5

     April 1200 King John allowed to Gilbert FitzReinfrid free court, gallows, etc., in the knight's fee he held in Lancashire, adding a market at Warton every Wednesday. The Lancasters had castles in 'Merhull' and Kendall, and the former is supposed to have been at the place in Warton later known as Mourholme. After Gilbert's rebellion and capture he surrendered it to the king in 1216, and probably the castle was then destroyed. After the death of William de Lancaster III in 1246 Warton was on partition assigned to Walter de Lindsey, and thenceforward descended in the same way as the Lindsay moiety of Nether Wyresdale.14

     1200-1209, in full court of Gilbert son of Roger FitzReinfrid at Kirkbi, before Henry de Redman, then seneschal, and other good men, Matilde de Stiveton, daughter of Ellis de Stiveton, made a release of land in co. Lancaster to the said Gilbert. Witnesses were Lambert de Bussei, Adam son of Roger (of Yealand), Gilbert de Lancaster, William de Windeshore, Roger de Burton, Williamd son of Waltheve, gamel the forester, Richard de Arten (sic), Benedict Gernet, Ralph de Stiveland, Luke (?) and John, brethren.5

     1186-1201, Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Raynfray gave to William de Arundel for his service all the land between Galwaithegate and Lon by their bounds: As Seuerhbec descends into Lon, so by Seuerbec ascending to the brook which flows from Scahegilbec, so by the brook which flows from Schaegilbec ascending to the head of scahegilbec towards Kilington, and from the head of Scahegilbec to the Winter How (Bruma hoga) above Wivescahe, thence across to Sparhaucscahe, thence across to Sparhaucscahe, thence across to Galwaithegate and by Galwaithegate unto the bounds of Lambrig, Grarig and Dilacre; to hold quit of forest for the 20th part of a knight's fee; Chartul. of Cockersand (Chetham Soc.), 976.15

     1201, a jury declared that £6 worth of land in Kendale and a fishery which used to render to the Exchequer 100s. were always in the hands of Henry II and Richard I, as their demense until king Richard gave them to Gilbert FitzReinfrid.5

     Sibyl late the wife of William de Arundel appeared on the 4th day against Gilbert Fitz-Reinfrid of a plea of her reasonable dower, namelly of a 20th part of a knight's fee in Dunestake; and he came not, nor did he essoin himself, although he had a day by his essoiner on Tuesday before the ascension; therefore let his land be taken into the King's hands and let him be summoned to Westminister in a month after Whitsunday to answer and shew cause for his dafault. Curia Regis Rolls (P.R.O.) i, 472.15

     1201, Gilbert Fitz-Reinfrid on Tuesday before Whitsunday sought to replevy his land which had been taken into the king's hands for his default against Sibyl late the wife of William de Arundel; Gilbert puts in his place Gilbert de Lancastre. Curia Regis Rolls (P.R.O.) i, 436.15

     1201, Sibyl de Broc relaeased for 20 marks to Gilbert Fitz-Reinfrid, tenant, by Gilbert de Lancastre his attorney, the 20th part of a fee in Duneselake, which she claimed in dower of the gift of William de Arundell, formerly her husband, saving the right of William son and heir of William de Arundell; Feet of F., file 1, n. 2.15

     1204, Gilbert FitzReinfrid and his wife Hawise repurchased parts of Scotforth. These may have formed the third part of the manor named in 1319.16

     1204, Gilbert Fitz-Reinfrid has the custody of the land and heir of Oliver de Aencurt; R. Litt. Pat., 45b.17

     About the year 1320 it was recorded that Carnforth had anciently belonged to the parish of Bolton-le-Sands until the interdict of England (1208) when it had been transferred to that of Warton, doubtless by Gilbert FitzReinfrid the chief lord and that time an active supporter and favourite of the king.18

     1209-1212, Gilbert son of Roger FitzReinfrid grants to Richard Walensis 1 c. in Munketon (co. York, which John abbot of Fountains and the convent had granted to the said Gilbert), which Walter de Fauchenberge held, to hold for 22s. and 1/18 fee. Witnesses were Lambert de Buseto, Anselm de Furneis, Stephen de Welleton, William son of Ketel, Roger de Byrkebyrle, Gilbert de Lancaster, Henry de Alnou, Richard de Coupland, Henry de Rademan, William Tuchet, William Marshall, Thomas Flandrensys Walter Pychard, Richard de Preston, Walter de Lancaster and Roger Gernet.5

     1212, Gilbert FitzReinfrid and Helewise his wife demand against Thomas de Brumfeld 4 carucates of land in Brumfel and Rohetun, as the right of the said Helewise and as those whereof Ketel son of Eutret, ancestor of the said Helewise, was seised, as of fee and right, in the time of Henry, grandfather of king Henry, father of the king, and from him the right of the said Helewise descended from step to step. Thomas says that Adam his son holds the Tenement.5

     1212, Adam de Yseni held five plough-lands in Whittington, but had granted this portion to Gilbert FitzReinfrid while the heir of Robert son of Gillemichael held the thegnage plough-land. William son of Robert in `1219 sold 8 oxgangs of land in Lathebote to Gilbert FitzReinfrid who thus became the lord of the whole of Whittington.19

     1216, The son, or daughter, and heir of Ralph de Ayencurt, is a hostage for Gilbert Fitz-Reymfrid; I; 221lb.17

     Gilbert gave a charter to Aldred son of Hamlet concerning the fourth part of the vill of Forton.20

     William son of Michael de Furness granted 2 oxgangs of land to Roger FitzReinfrid to be held by a rent of 32d. yearly, date unknown.21

     He was said to be a favorite of King John. He was Sheriff of Lancaster in the 7th and 17th years of John's reign, and Sheriff of Yorkshire from 12 to 16 John (1209-1212). It was Gilbert who rebuilt Kendall Castle in stone.2

     Gilbert became opposed to King John over Magna Carta and, after John turned the tables on his rebellious Barons, had his son William, taken hostage, and lost his titles, his castle at Kendal and the Honor of Lancaster in 1215. Peter de Brus was also opposed to John and was a supporter of the invasion by Louis of France. Fitz Reinfrid recovered Royal favor, and the release of this son, through payment of a find of 12,000 marks, an enormous sum.2

     1216, there are letters of safe-conduct for Gilbert FitzReinfrid, father of William de Lancaster, touching the redemption of the said William.5

     1216, Gilbert FitzReinfrid delivered up to the king his castles of Morhull and Kirkeby, at Berewic, on 22nd January, on which occasion he made fine with the king by 12,000 marks for his goodwill and grace and the remission of his rancour against Gilbert for confederacy with the king's enemies, the barons, and that his son, William de Lancaster, and his knights, Ralph de Aencurt and Lambert de Busay, might be delivered from prison, having been taken in Rochester castle inmunition against the king; for his and his son's faithful service he was required to find hostages, namely Benedict son and heir of Henry Redeman, the first born son of Roger de Kirkeby, whom he has of the said Gilbert's daughter, the son and heir of William de Windlesores whom he has of the niece of the said Gilbert, the son or daughter and heir of Ralph de Aencurt, the son or daughter and heir of Roger de Burton, the daughter and heir of Adam de Yeland, the son or daughter of Thomas de Bethum, the son or daughter and heir of Walter de Strikeland, the daughter of Richard de Copland, the son of Gilbert de Lancaster, or other children in their places. Gilbert pledges himself to the service of the king and his heirs by queen Isabel for all of his life, under pain of forfeiture of his lands, and he finds hostages and delivered up his castles of Morhull and Kirkeby.5

     1217, a mandate was issued to Peter de Maulay to deliver to the Earl of Chester, William de Lancaster, a prisoner in his custody.William de Lancaster to be sent to Gloucester under safe conduct.5

     On May 6, 1220, the land of Gilbert FitzReinfrid is taken into the king's hands and nothing removed therefrom until William de Lancaster, son and heir of Gilbert, does what is due to the king. Mandate to William de Lancaster to deliver to Theobald son of Theobald Walter his siter Matilda whom king John committed to Gilbert FitzReinfrid, William's father to bring up.5

     Gilbert's arms: Argent two bars Gules, on a canton Gules a lion passant guardant Or (or, for William de Lancaster, (his son), Argent). These were also the arms of John de Lancaster, a Baron in 1299, and Roger de Lancaster.2

Citations

  1. Baron of Kendal.
  2. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (6) Gilbert fitz Reinfrid "de Lancaster."
  3. [S2380] Stirnet Genealogy, online http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/genfam.htm, Lancaster1.
  4. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Prestib Oatrucj', Records relating to the Barony of Kendal: volume 2 (1924), pp. 297-304.
  5. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Kirkby in Kendale: c. 1100-1350', Records relating to the Barony of Kendal: volume I (1923), pp. 1-22.
  6. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Hincaster', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2 (1924) pp. 168-76.
  7. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Lupton', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2 (1924) pp. 357-63.
  8. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 364.
  9. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Underbarrow, Bradley Field and Cunswick', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 1 (1923) pp. 355-76.
  10. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 349.
  11. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Witherslack, Meathop and Ulpha"', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2 (1924) pp. 247-65.
  12. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Selside and Whitwell', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 1 (1923) pp. 239-50.
  13. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, "Witheslack, Meathop and Ulpha", Records relating to the Barony of Kendale; volume 2, pp 247-64.
  14. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, pages 161-162.
  15. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Killington and Firbank', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2 (1924) pp. 416-39.
  16. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 57.
  17. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Helsington and Sizergh', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 1 (1923) pp. 130-66.
  18. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 170.
  19. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 242.
  20. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 107.
  21. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 331.

Roger FitzReinfrid1

#64310, b. circa 1114, d. after 1198

Relationships22nd great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
12th great-grandfather of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
Descent from Roger FitzReinfrid to Robert Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Roger FitzReinfrid was born circa 1114.2 He married first Rohese de Clare, daughter of Richard FitzGilbert de Clare and Adeliz le Meschin.1 Roger FitzReinfrid married second Alice de Breton, daughter of Lewis Brito.2 Roger died after 1198.2

Family of Roger and Rohese de Clare

Children of Roger and Alice de Breton

Narrative

     Roger was Henry II's dapifer (steward), justicar and Sheriff for Sussex and Berkshire. He was a member of the Curia regis at Westminster. His first wife may have been Rohaise (Rohese) de Gant, the widowed Countess of Lincoln. She was the daughter of Richard de Clare and Alice, the daughter of Ranulph le Meschine, Earl of Chester. Circa 1170-1180 Roger conveyed one-twelth a knight's fee to the nuns of Clerkenwil on the condition that they receive his wife, Alice, and her mother, Margaret, as nuns in their chapter whenever it pleased them to enter.1

     Some identify Roger's wife as Rohese de Romare, daughter of William de Romare, Earl of Lincoln, but this is believed to be incorrect.

     Some sources indicate that Roger is the son of Gilbert de Lancaster who was the son of Gilbert de Lancaster son of Ketel son of Eltred of Kendal but this is believed to be incorrect.

     Another source (stirnet.com) claims that Roger's father wes Ralph de Bruere, whose father was Reinfrid de Bruere.1

     Roger was also known as Roger FitzReinfride de Bruere.

Citations

  1. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (5) Roger Fitz Reinfrid.
  2. [S2380] Stirnet Genealogy, online http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/genfam.htm, Lancaster1.

Gilbert de Lancaster1,2

#64311, d. circa 1220

FatherWilliam II de Lancaster2 d. c 1184

Major Life Events

     Gilbert de Lancaster married Sapience ?.3 Gilbert died circa 1220.3

Family of Gilbert and Sapience ?

Narrative

     Gilbert and his brother Jordan are normally thought to have been illegitimate. He was enfeoffed of Sockbridge and Hartsop late in his father's life. Gilbert is known to have had a son who was suggested as a hostage when Gilbert FitzReinfrid was asked to provide hostages during the indicidents surrounding the "Magna Carta" in 1216, in order to have his son William de Lancaster III released from custody by King John. Gilbert FitzReinfrid also seems to have given Gilbert de Lancaster possession of Hawkshead according to a charter found by Ragg.3

Citations

  1. Of Sockbridge, believed to have been illegitimate.
  2. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (5) William de Lancaster II.
  3. [S2411] The "de Lancasters" of Westmoreland, online http://users.skynet.be/lancaster/…

Jordan de Lancaster1,2

#64312

FatherWilliam II de Lancaster2 d. c 1184

Narrative

     Jordan and his brother Gilbert are normally thought to have been illegitimate.3

Citations

  1. Of Sockbridge, believed to have been illegitimate.
  2. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (5) William de Lancaster II.
  3. [S2411] The "de Lancasters" of Westmoreland, online http://users.skynet.be/lancaster/…

William III de Lancaster1,2,3

#64313, d. 12 November 1246

Relationships20th great-granduncle of Paul Edward Lawrence
Grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
10th great-granduncle of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants (#1)
Roger FitzReinfield Descendants (#2)
FatherGilbert FitzReinfrid b. c 1162, d. b 5 May 1220
MotherHawise de Lancaster b. c 1169

     Conflicting evidence states that he died on 29 November 1246.3

Major Life Events

     William III de Lancaster married Agnes le Brus, daughter of Peter II le Brus and Hawise de Lancaster.4 William died on 12 November 1246.4

Family of William and Agnes le Brus

Narrative

     On May 6, 1220, the land of Gilbert FitzReinfrid is taken into the king's hands and nothing removed therefrom until William de Lancaster, son and heir of Gilbert, does what is due to the king. Mandate to William de Lancaster to deliver to Theobald son of Theobald Walter his siter Matilda whom king John committed to Gilbert FitzReinfrid, William's father to bring up.5

     William succeeded to the Honor of Lancaster in the 4th year of the reign of Henry III, the de Lancasters being back in favor by this time. He was Justice Itenerant for Cumberland in the 10th year of the reign of Henry III. William III was given back the Kendal Castle and was the Sheriff of Lancaster from 1232 to 1246. The de Lancasters were very close to the de Brus family. William married Agnes de Brus, his brother married Margaret de Brus, and his sister, Hawise, married Peter le Brus. After Williams death in 1246, Agnes held the manors of Crossethwait, Gresmere and Lych for life.4 Some indicate that William and Agnes had no surviving children. Stirnet Genealogy names one daughter who married Sir William de Lindsay, Lord of Lamberton.

     1222-1246, William de Lancaster grants to the free burgesses of the borough of kirkeby in Kendale certain privileges and liberties to be held of him and heirs forever, freely, quietly and honourable, namely that each burgess may take as many tofts as he will, yielding to the grantor and his heirs the rent of 6d. yearly for each toft, and that they may take of his wood between Kent and Wynandermer their necessaries without view of his foresters, and that they may have common of pasture on that side of Kent on which the grantor's hay is, outside the covert, and on the other side of Kent unto Leesbeck, and common of pasture after the corn and has has been cut and led away elsewhere with the grantor's other men: Also that they may take dead wood with view of hsi forsesters between the highway and Mynnte, which way extends by the hospital of St. Leonard unto Fowbeck, and following Fowbeck until it falls into Mynt and following Mynt in descending to the bridge, and on the other side of Mynte between the same Mynte and the highway which leads to the messuage of Patrick de Skelemssergh unto Whitwell and so over against and by the bounds of Skelemessergh unto Mynte, and they may take dead wood there in like manner.5

     1224, on August 18 Williamd de Lancaster is at Bedford in the king's court. The demand against William for the scutage of Montgomery is put in respite.5

     1225, a mandate is issued to William de Lancaster to disafforest certain woods in Westmerland afforested by Henry II or Richard I, the men of the county having complained that he still held certain woods and moors afforested as from that time in the same state as they were, contary to the terms of the king's carta de foresta.5

     1226, William de Lancastre makes fine for the debt of Roger de Leiburn to certain persons; R. Litt. Claus., i, 129b.6

     1230, The plea between William de Arundell and William de Lancastre touching the making of the boundary between William de Arundel's land of Frithebank and William de Lancastre's land of the Hay in Kirkeby [in Kendal] is put in respite because William de Lancastre has left for parts beyond seas; Close R., 1230, p. 349.7

     1231, Trinity term, William de Lancastre was attached to answer Rober de Kyme wherefore he does not keep the agreement made between them touching £15 of rent in Ulveston yearly, until he should confer upon Robert his knight £15 of land in fee and inheritance, payment of which William has stopped for 6 years, whereby the rent is in arrears £90 and he has suffered 40 marks damages. William acknowledges the charter and that nothing has been paid, but he says that three years ago he assigned to him £15 worth of land in Killington, namely 300 acres, and Robert was willing to accept the land and it was given to him by metes and bounds and he was in seisin etc., Robert denies that any land was assigned to him or that he was contendted as to 2½ marks. Judgment: Robert shall recover arrears of £88 6s. 8d. and the said damages; Curia Regis R., 109, m. 16.7

     1234, William de Lancaster and his 2 knights with others are directed to remain at Shrewsbury until the Purification, for safety of those parts.5

     1235, William de Lancaster holds 2 fees of his barony of Kendale.5

     1236, a mandate to William de Lancaster to send to the king the sturgeon taken on the sea sands, although it was found within the liberty of the abbot of Furness.5

     1242, William de Lancaster was summoned to serve over seas.5

     1242, Mathew son of Henry de Redmayne held part of Yealand of William de Lancaster III.8

     1220-1246 William de Lancaster III granted all the land of Forton to Ellis le Fleming for a rent of four barbed arrows; he also gave to the canons of Cockersand in alms all his demense land and his wood of Forton, Ellis releasing to them his right ot pannage.9

     1242, William de Lancaster III held half a knight's fee in Ulverston in demesne, paying to the Abbot of Furness 30s. a year.10

     1243, William de Lancastre III aceknowledges that he has given to Henry son of Gilbert de Wyteby for his homage and service and for a quit-claim made to him of 110 a. land in the vill of Scotford, except a 6th part of the mill, of 8 score and 16 a. land, namely 30½ a. land in Traneweyth, 9 a. land in Rackewrth, 56½ a. land in Bolteston, to hold quit of multure and pannage, saving to William his venison, birds which other birds take and fishings of his waters, rendering a pair of gilt spurs or 6d. at Midsummer; Cur. Regis. r. 130, m. 11d.6

     1244, Ingeram de Stanton (recte Santon) was the attorney of William de Lancastre in a plea with Matthew de Redmain; Curia Regis R., 134, m. 1d.7

     1245, William de Lancaster is on the king's service in Wales. He surrenders the county of Lancaster (i.e. the office of the sheriff), to Matthew de Redeman, to whom the king has committed it.5

     1246, Roger de Heaton complained that the superior lord, William de Lancaster III, had thrown down his mill at Torver, and was compelling his tenants to grind at the Ulverston mill. An agreement was afterwards made by which William de Lancaster III released his claim to suit of mill and allowed Roger to erect and maintain his own mill at Torver.11

     1246, William de Lancastre III on his death bed enfeofffed John de Brus of the manor of Kylington, with 10 m., and committed the wardship of that land and of the said John to the prior of Coningisheved; Cal. Inq., pt. i, 166.7

     1246, William de Lancaster, shortly before his death, enfeoffed … Duble of 20 a. in Helsington, worth 20s., John le Waleys of 22 a. worth 22s. and Philip de Mara of 12 a. worth 6 s; Lancas. Inq., i, 167. A day was given to William de Lancastre, Ralph de Eyncurt, Robert son of Utred and Henry de Sysergh touching a plea of estovers, by Willliam son of Uctred, on the octaves of St. Hilary at Leycestre; Assize R. 1045, m. 54. Ralph de Eyncurt appeared agains William de Lancastre of a plea that he permit Ralph to have reasonable estovers in William's wood in Barton, as he ought to have. Wiiliam was attached by Roland de Revegel and Gilbert the Constable. Adjourned to Leycestre in Hilary term; ib., m. 55 d.12

     1246-50, Lawrence son of Richard, for the health of the soul of William de Lancastre, his lord, releases to the abbot and canons of Cockersand the service of a sor sparrow-hawk yearly with the fur-gloves which he used to receive from them for the land of Colpthwait; Chartul. of Cockersand, 973.7

     Peter, the son of Peter de Brus, and William de Lindsey, husbands of William's sisters, Hawise and Alice, were William's next heirs. The castle and manor of Kendal were given to Peter de Brus, but, in 1266, the Honor of Lancaster was conferred upon Henry III's son, Edward Crouchback, who also obtained Leicester and the lands between the Mersey and the Ribble. The latter had by this time been inherited by the Earl de Ferres, a supporter of Simon de Montfort in his rebellion against Henry III, and Leicester was Simon's seat. Both were forfeited in the aftermath of the rebellion's failure.4

     The advowson of the church at Warton was held with the manor by the Lancasters and was first recorded in the inquisition after the death of William III de Lancaster in 1246. It appears on division about 1250 and appears to have been assigned to the Brus family, and on the later division to the Thwengs; thus it descended to Lumlely and others, one portion being acquired by the Lawrences of Ashton, who presented several times.13

     In 1246 Godith daughter of Bernard de Kerneford released a fourth part of Carnforth to William de Lancaster III, the chief lord, who appears to have aquired nearly all of the freehold lands in the manor for the enlargement of his demense. William gave part of his demense in Carnforth to Robert de Kerneford. After the death of William a division of the manor of Carnfoth was made between Lindsay and Brus.14 Also after his death his manors of Whittington, Thornton, etc., remained for some years in the king's hand for debt. In 1254 they were leased by the tenant, Sir William de Valence, to Walter de Lindsay.15

     1246, William de Lancastre released to Gilbert (de Lancastre) his constable 3s. of rent in Quitewelle for 1d. yearly rent. Lancs. Inq., pt. i, 168.16

     On the division of the Lancaster estates after 1246 Ulverston was held in moieties like Nether Wyresdale. The Lindsay moiety passed to Coucy and on escheat to the Furness monks as superios lords; the other moiety was granted to Roger de Lancaster.10

Citations

  1. Sheriff of Lancaster, Lord of Kendal.
  2. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (6) Gilbert fitz Reinfrid "de Lancaster."
  3. [S2380] Stirnet Genealogy, online http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/genfam.htm, Lancaster1.
  4. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (7) William de Lancaster III.
  5. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Kirkby in Kendale: c. 1100-1350', Records relating to the Barony of Kendal: volume I (1923), pp. 1-22.
  6. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Underbarrow, Bradley Field and Cunswick', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 1 (1923) pp. 355-76.
  7. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Killington and Firbank', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2 (1924) pp. 416-39.
  8. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 175.
  9. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 107.
  10. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 349.
  11. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 364.
  12. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Helsington and Sizergh', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 1 (1923) pp. 130-66.
  13. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 155.
  14. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 166.
  15. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 242.
  16. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Selside and Whitwell', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume (1923) pp. 239-50.

Hawise de Lancaster1

#64314, b. circa 1190, d. after September 1226

Relationships20th great-grandaunt of Paul Edward Lawrence
Granddaughter of Roger FitzReinfrid
10th great-grandaunt of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
FatherGilbert FitzReinfrid1 b. c 1162, d. b 5 May 1220
MotherHawise de Lancaster1 b. c 1169

Major Life Events

     Hawise de Lancaster was born circa 1190.1,2 She married Peter II le Brus, son of Peter I le Brus and Joan le Grammaire.3 Hawise died after September 1226.2

Children of Hawise and Peter II le Brus

Narrative

     After the death of William III de Lancaster without surviving children, the Barony was divided between Hawise and Avice, daughters of Gilbert and Helwise FitzReinfrid. Presumably Roger and John were illegitimate and unable to inherit.4

     Hawise (Helwise) married Peter de Brus, Lord of Skelton and Danby, in Yorkshire, and brought the Barony and Kendall Castle into his family. Her portion was subsequently divided into two seigniories, designated the Marquis Fee and Lumley Fee.4

Citations

  1. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (6) Gilbert fitz Reinfrid "de Lancaster."
  2. [S2380] Stirnet Genealogy, online http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/genfam.htm, Bruce01.
  3. [S422] Enfield-Bryant Genealogy, Genealogy Database.
  4. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (7) Hawise de Lancaster & Avice de Lancaster.

Avice de Lancaster1

#64315

Relationships20th great-grandaunt of Paul Edward Lawrence
Granddaughter of Roger FitzReinfrid
10th great-grandaunt of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
FatherGilbert FitzReinfrid1 b. c 1162, d. b 5 May 1220
MotherHawise de Lancaster1 b. c 1169

Major Life Events

     Avice de Lancaster married William de Lindsay before 1230.2,3

Child of Avice and William de Lindsay

Narrative

     Avice was also known as Alice.

     After the death of William III de Lancaster without surviving children, the Barony was divided between Hawise and Avice, daughters of Gilbert and Helwise FitzReinfrid. Avice's share was afterwards called the Richmond Fee. Presumably Roger and John were illegitimate and unable to inherit.4

     Avice (Alice) married William de Lindsay of Luffness, and her share of the Barony was afterwards called Richmond Fee.4

     In 1222 Micholas de Buelles and Matilda his wife, one of the daughterss and eventually co-heirs of Torphin son of Robert de Manfield, granted for themselves and Matilda's heirs to Alice daughter of Gilbert, the tenant, a moiety of the manor of Casterton for 30 marks and a palfrey. This Alice, daughter of Gilbert, was undoubtedly the daughter of Gilbert Fitz-Reinfrid and sister of William de Lancaster III. Before the year 1235 she married William de Lindesay and in that year he and Alice his wife called William de Lancaster to warrant to them concerning the third part of the mill in Casterton against Hugh de Kaberge, and concerning 12 bovates, that is one moiety of the vill, in Kastreton against John Gernet. In the result Hugh and John respectively released their rights to William de Lancaster, who would then assure the premises to William de Lindesay and Alice his wife. Twelve years later, namely in 1247, Robert de Kaberg granted a third part of the vill of Casterton to William de Lindseseye. By these transactions Lindseye probably became possessed of the whole manor.3

     William de Lindeseye had issue by his wife, Alice de Lancaster, a son Walter, aged 16 in 1246-7, who married Christiana and died 2 November 1271, leaving issue a son William, age 21 at Midsummer 1271. This William had been contracted in marriage to Ada daughter of John de Baliol at Whitsuntide, 1266. He died about October, 1282, leaving an only daughter Christiana, aged 16 at the Annunciation of St. Mary (25 March), 1283. She married before 28 May, 1283, Ingram de Gyens, lord of Coucy.3

Citations

  1. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (6) Gilbert fitz Reinfrid "de Lancaster."
  2. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (7) William de Lancaster III.
  3. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Casterton', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2 (1924) pp. 326-40.
  4. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (7) Hawise de Lancaster & Avice de Lancaster.

John de Lancaster1,2

#64316

Relationships20th great-granduncle of Paul Edward Lawrence
Grandson of Roger FitzReinfrid
10th great-granduncle of Robert Lawrence
ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
FatherGilbert FitzReinfrid2 b. c 1162, d. b 5 May 1220

Citations

  1. Perhaps an illegitimate son of Gilbert FitzReinfrid de Lancaster.
  2. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (6) Gilbert fitz Reinfrid "de Lancaster."

William de Lindsay1,2

#64319, d. 1282

ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants

Major Life Events

     William de Lindsay married Avice de Lancaster, daughter of Gilbert FitzReinfrid and Hawise de Lancaster, before 1230.3,4 William died in 1282.5

Child of William and Avice de Lancaster

Narrative

     1283, William de Lyndeseye died in 1282 siesed of the manors of Barton and Witherslak which Roger de Lancastre held of him by the service of a sor sparrow-hawk (for Barton) and 1d. yearly (for Witherslack). Cal. Inq., ii, 269.6

Citations

  1. Of Luffness.
  2. [S2380] Stirnet Genealogy, online http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/genfam.htm, Lancaster1.
  3. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (7) William de Lancaster III.
  4. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Casterton', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2 (1924) pp. 326-40.
  5. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Witherslack, Meathop and Ulpha', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2 (1924) pp. 326-40.
  6. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Witherslack, Meathop and Ulpha"', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2 (1924) pp. 247065.

Philippa de Bolebec1

#64320

ChartsRoger FitzReinfield Descendants
FatherHugh de Bolebec
MotherMargaret de Montfichet

Major Life Events

     Philippa de Bolebec married Roger de Lancaster, son of Gilbert FitzReinfrid, before 23 October 1262.1

Narrative

     In 1274, after the death of Richard de Montfichet in 1267, 1/2 knight's fee in Chigwell and elsewhere was assigned to Philippa, wife of Roger de Lancaster and granddaughter of Margaret de Bolbec, sister of Richard de Montfichet.2

     1291, The manor of Wythirslake, extended to £15 19s. 10d. yearly, and other lands, are assigned in dower to Phillippa, late wife of Roger de Lancastre.3

     Richard son of Roger de Broughton in 1292 claimed the third part of the manor of Broughton against Phillipa widow of Roger de Lancaster, for she had no entry except through Roger, who had had custody during Richard's minority.4

     Philippa died in 1294 holding East Ham manor in chief for 1/4 knight's fee. He son and heir John de Lancaster inherited further properties in East Ham and West Ham after the deaths of Hugh de la Val and Walter de Huntercombe, husbands of sisters of Philippa.5

Citations

  1. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (7) Sir Roger de Lancaster.
  2. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Chigwell: Manors', A History of the County of Essex: Volume 4: Ongar Hundred (1956), pp 24-32.
  3. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'Witherslack, Meathop and Ulpha"', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2 (1924) pp. 247065.
  4. [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 402.
  5. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, 'East Ham: Manors and estates', A History of the County of Essex: Volume 6: (1973), pp 8-14.
  6. [S2380] Stirnet Genealogy, online http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/genfam.htm, Lancaster1.
  7. [S2383] Lancaster Family Remarks, online http://users.skynet.be/lancaster/Lancaster%20surnames.htm

Hugh de Bolebec1

#64321

Major Life Events

     Hugh de Bolebec married Margaret de Montfichet.2

Citations

  1. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (7) Sir Roger de Lancaster.
  2. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, "Parishes: Ayot St. Peter", A History of the County of Hertford: volume 3 (1912) pp 63-5.

Margaret de Montfichet1

#64322

Major Life Events

     Margaret de Montfichet married Hugh de Bolebec.2

Citations

  1. [S2378] The de Lancaster Family, online http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Lancaster.html, (7) Sir Roger de Lancaster.
  2. [S2382] British History Online, online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/, "Parishes: Ayot St. Peter", A History of the County of Hertford: volume 3 (1912) pp 63-5.