Jehan Bondurant [III]1

#33072

Relationships13th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
5th great-grandfather of Jean Pierre Bondurant
ChartsDescendants of Jehan Bondurant I for 10 generations
Ancestors of Jean Pierre Bondurant for 25 generations
FatherJehan Bondurant [II]1 d. 1472

Child of Jehan

Citations

  1. [S476] Mary Bondurant Warren, Bondurants of Génolhac, France, page 18.

Jehan Bondurant [II]1

#33073, d. 1472

Relationships14th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
6th great-grandfather of Jean Pierre Bondurant
ChartsDescendants of Jehan Bondurant I for 10 generations
Ancestors of Jean Pierre Bondurant for 25 generations
FatherJehan Bondurant [I]1

Major Life Events

     Jehan died in 1472.

Child of Jehan

Narrative

     Jehan II died testate leaving the Malihieres property to his only son, Jehan III.1

Citations

  1. [S476] Mary Bondurant Warren, Bondurants of Génolhac, France, page 18.

Jehan Bondurant [I]1,2

#33074

Relationships15th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
7th great-grandfather of Jean Pierre Bondurant
ChartsDescendants of Jehan Bondurant I for 10 generations
Ancestors of Jean Pierre Bondurant for 25 generations

Child of Jehan

Narrative

     Jehan was called Les Maliheyres because he came from Malihieres, a small village near Belle Poile. Malihieres, stood on a steep mountain slope above Donarel, the Amat's settlement, and the le Luech River. Stone Terraces were constructed along the slope and filled with soil hauled labouriously up from the valley to make tiny gardens. Residents grazed sheep and goats, and gathered chestnuts from trees in the area for food, as there was little arable land availabe to grow extensive crops.2

     Jehan is the Oc equivalent of Jean. Oc (or Occitan) was the primary language of the Languedoc area and the Cévennes in the Middle Ages. When France conquered and annexed the region after the Albigensian Crusade (1209-1229), Occitan was replaced by French and Latin in the official and ecclesiastical records. Today Occitan words are imbedded in the French language, especially in the Cévennes, and is still spoken by a few residents of the plains between Toulouse and the Pyrenees Mountains.3

     Languedoc is a historic region in south central France. It's eastern border was the Rhone River. Ancient boundaries were Auvergne and Lyonnaise on the north; Dauphiné, Comtat Venaissin, and Provence on the east; the Mediterranean Sea on the south-east; Roussillon on the south; Foix on the south-west; Gascony on the west, and Guienne on the north-west. Languedoc wrapped around the "nose" of an area known as Rouergue. The Cévennes Mountains were in the northeast on the western border of the Rhone River. Two cities served as its capital, Toulouse (the primary capital), and Montpellier (for governing the eastern portion). Languedoc's eastern portion, particularly the Cévennes, was a hotbed of Huguenot resistance in the Camisard War (1702-1710).Today Languedoc is a historic memory.4

     Rouergue was a political division that lasted until the French Revolution in 1789. It include all of the Department (state) of Aveyron, and a part of Lot-et-Garonne. The Aveyron River was its principal waterway. The cathedral city of Rodez was its capital. With the assession to the French throne of Henry of Navarre, who became Henry IV, Rouergue became part of France. The marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine to Henry II of England brought much of western and southwestern France to the English Crown. This caused conflict in the region for many years. Local French nobility sought to protect their land by building "bastide" towns, fortified villages along the boundary with the English. During the Hundred Year's War, much of the Rouergue was overrun. Cheatue Belcastel fell to the English. The treaty of peace in 1453 returned the area to French control, but constant fighting in the area had bankrupted many families.5

     The Albigensian Crusade was against a new religious philosophy which challenged Catholicism, the Cathar belief. Cathars (also called the Albigeois) place trust only in the Bible. They thought it wrong to worship the cross itself, or to buy prayers and forgiveness with money. They rejected infant baptism and the doctrine of purgatory and challenged the power of the Catholic church to intervene between God and the individual. They denied the infallibility of the Pope. The whole of the Languedoc regions seemed to respond to the Chathars' preaching, from the Rhone River to Toulouse, but their greatest strength was in the western portion. Four Cathar Bishoprics were established at Toulouse, Albi, Carcassonne, and Agen by 1167. Fearing for the loss of the power of the Catholic Church, Pope Innocent II called for a crusade as the Cathar faith spread. Led by Simon de Montfort, Papal troops invaded Languedoc, murdered its people, and turned it into a wasteland. Raymond VII of Toulouse, the ruler of Languedoc and a Cathar sympathizer) was required by the Treaty of Peace at Meaux to marry his daughter and heiress, Jeanne de Toulouse, to Alphonse de Poitiers, brother of Louis IX of France. The marriage produced no children and with their death in 1271, all the lands of Languedoc passed to the French monarch.6

Citations

  1. (Les Maliheyres.)
  2. [S476] Mary Bondurant Warren, Bondurants of Génolhac, France, page 18.
  3. [S476] Mary Bondurant Warren, Bondurants of Génolhac, France, page 4.
  4. [S476] Mary Bondurant Warren, Bondurants of Génolhac, France, pages 2,3.
  5. [S476] Mary Bondurant Warren, Bondurants of Génolhac, France, pages 3.4.
  6. [S476] Mary Bondurant Warren, Bondurants of Génolhac, France, pages 10, 11.

Pierre Bondurant1,2

#33075

Relationships9th great-granduncle of Paul Edward Lawrence
Great-granduncle of Jean Pierre Bondurant
ChartsDescendants of Jehan Bondurant I for 10 generations
FatherAntoine Bondurant [II]2 d. 1604
MotherGilette Amade2

Narrative

     Pierre was a Génolhac physician. The title, Siegneur d'Elgeyrenc, was purchased in 1608. One of Pierre's grandsons, Jacques de la Rouche, Siegneur d.Elgeyrenc, was arrested in 1690 for his continuing to practice the Huguenot faith after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 and was sent to the galleys where he died in 1694.2

Citations

  1. Siegneur d'Elgeyrenc.
  2. [S476] Mary Bondurant Warren, Bondurants of Génolhac, France, page 20.